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Kwezinye izimo kubalulekile acabangele RH isici? Ukukhulelwa igazi

RH leyentekako, ubhala kokubili PH, - leligama uhlelo iqembu igazi, omunye 30 namuhla ekhona. It sisebenza kuphela ku-antigen D.

Kuyini RH isici?

iqembu igazi RH isici - is zofuzo kunqunywa izici. Okungukuthi, sithola kubo kubazali babo. RH isici iprotheni esisogwini ebusweni abomvu egazi ashaye - amangqamuzana abomvu egazi. He is izinhlobo ezimbili kuphela - omuhle (+) nemibi (-).

It ekuqaleni ezitholakala izinkawu (isib, izinkawu Rhesus, okuvela kulo igama elithi uthola igama layo), kodwa ekuthuthukiseni izindlela sokutadisha umzimba womuntu maduze khona kwakhe kubonakele ku abantu. Kuvamile kakhulu kwabaMhlophe sisuka abazali ukuba izingane kuyinkomba enamandla. Ngo-15% yesizwe sonkana (7% kulo bayizinkulungwane Afrika) RH akuyona, ngakho they are negative Rhesus.

Emihle noma emibi RH isici kwadingeka cishe akunamthelela izinga lokuphila komuntu. Nokho, ezimweni ezithile, kubalulekile kakhulu. Cabangela isimo kabanzi. Ngakho, kwezinye izimo kubalulekile acabangele RH isici?

RH isici nokuhlela sokukhulelwa

Uma wena nomlingani wakho uhlela ngokushesha baba abazali, kubalulekile ukuqhuba inani lezifundo ukuthi kuzosiza ukuqeda khona izifo ukuthi ukuvimbela owesifazane ebamba noma kokuphazamisa sokukhulelwa. Ngokuzayo lokhu kuzosiza ukugwema izisu, kwasekuzalweni, nokunye. D.

Omunye ucwaningo ebaluleke kakhulu ukunquma RH Isici bobabili abazali. Ngokuvamile, zingabantu zombili zibe phozithivu. Lapho bobabili abazali "omubi" zempi, okungukuthi, okungezona ukuhambisana, okuyinto luhambisana nomthwalo zinkinga, futhi, ngeke kube. Uma umama okhulelwe "omuhle", futhi uyise - the "omubi", izinkinga ababa nazo sokukhulelwa futhi akufanele kube, njengoba ingane bayokudla ifa amaprotheni kuwo.

Ukuba yinkimbinkimbi iza lapho owesifazane "omubi", nomlingani wakhe - omuhle RH isici, yingakho ingane cishe "omuhle". Kulokhu, ingxabano kungase kuphakame ngesikhathi sokukhulelwa.

Phakathi yokuzala badinga ukuthatha igazi amasotsha omzimba. Ngisho kwezinye izimo kubalulekile acabangele RH isici? Lapho owesifazane ekhulelwe, ukuze ugweme ingxabano.

ukungqubuzana Rhesus phakathi abakhulelwe

Ngu uqobo, Rhesus ukungqubuzana aliveli njalo - abaningi "omubi" Mommy ukunothisa izingane eziningana "omuhle" ngempela ngempumelelo futhi ngaphandle izinkinga. 0.8% kuphela abesifazane abakhulelwe silubonile lolu hlobo ingxabano. Ngamafuphi nje, lo mkhuba ivelakancane, kodwa okubi, ezidinga ebhekiwe.

Rhesus ukungqubuzana itholakala lokuthi ukuthi umzimba kamama iqala ukwenqaba ezingenzeka embungwini, bakubheka njengobuthakathaka nomzimba angaphandle.

Odokotela bathi ukukhulelwa wokuqala kusukela abesifazane "omubi" baye okufanele inakekelwe, njengoba ingozi ukungqubuzana kakhulu ngaphansana okwalandela. Phakathi sokukhulelwa kubaluleke kakhulu emzimbeni womuntu wesifazane akuyona nabo "omuhle" igazi ingane, ngoba uma uye wahlakulela amasosha ke ngesinye isikhathi, bese sokukhulelwa okwalandela kuthiwa kuhlobene nengozi eliphezulu yisisu.

Hit igazi womntwana emzimbeni kamama kungenziwa senziwa umuntu elimele, kwesisu, ebeletha. Uma lokhu kwenzeka, khona-ke unina uyoqonda izithelo njengoba umhlaseli futhi uqala ukuhlasela ngokusebenzisa placenta. Isidumbu sowesifazane ngalesi sikhathi ngeke kube khona ukuphazamiseka, lesi simo kungokwemvelo, kodwa umntwana kunenze nisondelane okukhulu kwamangqamuzana egazi abomvu, okuholela ekufeni umbungu. Yenza owesifazane nengane yesibili kuyoba nzima kakhulu, kusukela izivikeli mzimba ziyaqala ukuba njalo kudala akhiqiza amasosha omzimba ngokumelene ezingenzeka embungwini, ngisho ngaphandle ungalokothi uphuze izinto.

Uma igazi lingena emzimbeni wentombi ngesikhathi sokubeletha, isifo hemolytic angagcina kule ngane. Kubalulekile ukuvimbela ukuzalwa komntwana ngokusebenzisa ukwethulwa amaqembu athile izidakamizwa - RH immunoglobulin.

Ukumpontshelwa igazi kungase futhi RH isici

Kwezinye izimo kubalulekile acabangele RH isici? Lapho kukhona isidingo ukumpontshelwa (ukumpontshelwa igazi), igazi lwendzawo RH isici kuyadingeka. Ukumpontshelwa ngokuvamile kudingeka emva noma ngesikhathi ukuhlinzwa, ikakhulukazi uma isiguli ilahlekelwe igazi eliningi. Kungaba kokubili ukuhlinzwa yokuqokwa lapho udokotela uyazi ngaphambi kwesikhathi ukuthi isiguli batawudzinga kwesekelwa ngesimo donor impahla. Ukuhambelana igazi RH isici kule ndaba kubaluleke kakhulu.

Endabeni ukumpontshelwa akuhambisani erythrocyte impahla e umthamo wegazi lesiguli uzoqala banamathelane ngenxa ukusebenzisana amasosha omzimba ukuthuthukisa emzimbeni wakhe ekuphenduleni ngokufaka ukhishwa inyumbazane.

Ngenxa yalokho, igazi iyeke imisebenzi ewumgogodla.

isiphetho

Namuhla sithole, kulokho izimo kubalulekile acabangele RH isici. Kulokhu, ngifuna ukucacisa lokho kukodwa khona yayo noma ukungabi, singabali amacala eziphawulwe ngenhla okunzima kakhulu, ukungafuni nhlobo nomthelela izinga lempilo.

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