ImpiloAmalungiselelo

Izibulali-magciwane Zanamuhla: izinhlobo, ngezigaba, izimfuneko, aphoyintimenti

Ingozi yokuthola ukutheleleka ukuze abantu kakhulu. ingozi ikakhulukazi okusezingeni eliphezulu ukuthelelana khona amanxeba avulekile, ngesikhathi ukuhlinzwa futhi hhayi yalibusa sisemoyeni. Ngakho-ke, kudingeka nje iqoqo izinyathelo ezihlose ukubhujiswa izinto ezithwala izifo. Ezweni lanamuhla elisebenzisa ubuchwepheshe of izibulali-magciwane kufanele ibe njalo nekhabethe lemithi, hhayi zodwa. usizo Esifike Ngesikhathi magciwane kunganciphisa ukusakazeka ukutheleleka ngezinye izikhathi noma ususe ngokuphelele ingozi yokutheleleka. Ngokulandelayo, cabanga ngalokho izibulali-magciwane yesimanje okwamanje lisetshenziswa, imibono yabo, ukuthi ziyini izimfuneko angaphansi, futhi kwezinye izimo, linqume.

Uyini magciwane nezindlela zayo

magciwane esijwayelekile kungenza uvimbele futhi umise ukuthuthukiswa izifo eziningi. Ngakho kuthini olimele? Lokhu uchungechunge lwezenzakalo, aphethwe ngenhloso ukubhubhisa lwegciwane futhi ababhubhise ubuthi izinto zemvelo. Ngenxa yalokhu inani nezilwanyana ezincane ezingeni elemukelekile kakhulu ziyancipha, kodwa kungenzeka ukubhujiswa kwabo akuphelele.

Ukubulala amagciwane kuyinto:

  • Zokuzivikela. Ukuze wakhe zihlanganisa handwashing, yokuhlanza nsuku nokusetshenziswa izihlanzi nemikhiqizo yokuhlanza. magciwane Zokuzivikela kufanele kwenziwe nsukuzonke.
  • Yamanje. Kwenziwe izibhedlela. Kudingeka ngesikhathi eliseceleni kombhede ukuqinisekisa ukuthi ukutheleleka akusho ukusakaza.
  • Final. Liyadingeka emva yokutakula, ukufa, isizungu nokuzizwa esibhedlela isiguli ukuze zokukhipha igciwane focus epidemiological ku Amagciwane aseleyo ogulayo.

Kukhona izindlela eziningana magciwane:

  1. Mechanical. Ukususa flooring.
  2. Physical. UV izibani ukucutshungulwa, abilayo izingubo, izitsha kanye nokunye.
  3. Chemical. Ukusetshenziswa magciwane izixazululo.
  4. Kuhlanganiswe. Inhlanganisela izindlela eziningana.
  5. Biology. Ukusebenzisa umsuka begazi.

Misa unake indlela amakhemikhali magciwane. Cabanga ngalokho izibulali-magciwane yesimanje esetshenziswa.

izibulali-magciwane

I zamakhemikhali izindlela ngokomzimba zisetshenziselwa ukubulala amagciwane e imvelo izifo wobuntu ezithathelwanayo zezilwane nezitshalo kukhona izibulali-magciwane.

Zingaba:

  • Ngo isixazululo.
  • Ukumiswa.
  • Ngesimo powder granules.
  • Ngesimo amaphilisi.

izibulali-magciwane yamanje zivame ukumelela ukulingana izinto asebenzayo eziningana, okwenza ungakwazi ukuthwebula umphumela esiphezulu ku nezilwanyana ezincane ukumelana nezimo izingxenye asebenzayo. Bona ngenjongo ukushintsha nezici zabo.

Izibulali-magciwane aim ukubhubhisa Amagciwane kanye inzalo ebhubhisa kakhudlwana futhi ezinhlamvu.

izibulali-magciwane Modern kusetshenziswa imithi, zisho amagciwane futhi ephephile kubantu. Futhi, eziningi zazo ingasetshenziswa njengendlela cleanser njalo, ngenxa ubuthi babo ongaphakeme.

A amazwi ambalwa mayelana ngokomzimba izindlela magciwane. Lezi zihlanganisa:

  • Ukukhanya kwelanga.
  • Omiswe.
  • Steam.
  • Abilayo.
  • Yokuwugazinga kanye calcining. Burning.
  • Ayina.
  • ngemisebe ultraviolet.

Nokho, izibulali-magciwane chemical asetshenziswa kaningi ngoba kufinyeleleke kakhulu kwezinga lokushisa eliphezulu. Akuwona wonke uphikisana disinfected, zingamelana ukushisa okunjalo.

Izinhlobo izibulali-magciwane nenjongo yabo

Kunezinhlobo eziningana izibulali-magciwane ngokuya ngokuthi isithako esikhulu.

  1. Izimali ngesisekelo chlorine. Okubanzi spectrum elwa namagciwane womsebenzi. Ingadala ukugqwala metal evele, amakhorali izindwangu.
  2. I-hydrogen peroxide, a peracid. Ayinaphunga, kulula ukubola. Iningi imvelo, ongaphakeme-ubuthi. Isetshenziselwa magciwane ukumelana ukugqwala of izinsimbi, ingilazi, epulasitikini.
  3. Ngesisekelo le aldehydes. Okubanzi spectrum elwa namagciwane yomsebenzi, kuhlanganise ezinhlamvu. Ukungena ezinhle kakhulu, ngeke kuyilimaze izicubu ngaphandle kokudala ukugqwala metal.
  4. Amalungiselelo esekelwe phenols. Amathuluzi anjalo bayakwazi adale ifilimu asalile Laphezu disinfected.
  5. Ngesisekelo utshwala. Ethandwa kakhulu isikhumba antiseptics. Ngokushesha shabalala ngaphandle kokushiya nokuncane. uketshezi Utshwala ezisekelwe asetshenziswa njalo magciwane zesikhumba umjovo.
  6. Kususelwa ama quaternary. Isetshenziselwa magciwane ezishelelayo kanye nemishini. ubuthi okuphansi, akuzona ngempumelelo yokulwa zamagciwane pathogenic.
  7. Ngesisekelo organic compounds. Isetshenziselwa magciwane of hemodialysis izinhlelo.
  8. Kusho Amine ephakeme. A spectrum ebanzi isenzo elwa namagciwane. ubuthi okuphansi futhi ube detergency ezinhle.
  9. Amathuluzi esekelwe guanidine. ubuthi okuphansi evumela ukusetshenziswa kwabo embonini yezokudla. Shiya ifilimu okuyinto akakhishwanga kalula ebusweni.
  10. izibulali-magciwane Kuhlanganiswe. Siqukethe izimiso ezisebenzayo eziningana.

Izici izibulali-magciwane yesimanje

Isikhathi akusho yima, izibulali-magciwane yesimanje ngcono. Yiziphi izici isizukulwane esisha izimali? Thina ukugqamisa ezinye zazo:

  • A ezahlukene imisebenzi kanye nomsebenzi ukulwa namagciwane, ama-fungus, ama-bacterium.
  • Izindleko izixazululo ngempumelelo. ukuthungwa obukhulu, ingagcinwa ifomu buhlanjululwe isikhathi eside futhi isetshenziswa ngokuphindaphindiwe.
  • Kulula ukusebenzisa futhi isitoreji.
  • Have ubuthi ongaphakeme.
  • Ungalimazi evele kanye izinto.
  • Ifa izakhiwo eyengeziwe kanye deodorizing yokuwasha.

izibulali-magciwane Modern benezingane eziningi nemiphumela ethile engathandeki:

  • Akubona bonke izidakamizwa singayibhubhisa ezinhlamvu.
  • Kusebenta ababuthakathaka ngokumelene ezinye amagciwane.
  • ezingcolisa Organic kungathinta kusebenta izidakamizwa.

Izimfuneko izibulali-magciwane yesimanje

Kunezindlela eziningana izimfuneko izibulali-magciwane, okuyizinto okwamanje lisetshenziswa:

  • Kufanele kahle oncibilikayo emanzini.
  • Ukubangela ukufa amagciwane ngesikhathi esifushane.
  • Ungalahlekelwa ukusebenza yayo khona izinto eziningi eziphilayo.
  • Have ubuthi ongaphakeme futhi okungezona ezinobuthi ezingaba yingozi kubantu nezilwane.
  • Musa konakalisa ebusweni disinfected.
  • Akufanele kube inflammable futhi kuqhume.
  • Awunayo okunephunga elinamandla.
  • Kufanele kube lula ukulungisa bese usebenzisa.

izibulali-magciwane yezokwelapha zesimanje

Okwamanje, imithi esetshenziswa izidakamizwa ngenxa magciwane yetinhlobo letibanti letehlukene tematheksthi yezenzo ukuthi ziyasebenza ngokumelene amagciwane, ezinhlamvu, isikhunta pathogenic. Lokhu kutshengisa yokuhlanza namanxusa magciwane. Abaningi babo ingasetshenziswa ngokuphindaphindiwe. Nazi amagama ezinye zazo:

  • "Septuplets" - ingasetshenziswa njengendlela dez.sredstvo futhi njengendlela agent lokuhlanzisisa.
  • "Premium" - Isizalo magciwane ephephile, angasetshenziswa njengendlela agent yokuhlanza.
  • "Baktol" - des. kusho ukusebenza yokuwasha.
  • "Baktol Forte" isilungiselela eziyinkimbinkimbi kakhulu.
  • "Kleenex" isikhumba isixazululo isinqandakuvunda ingase isetshenziselwe eziphuthumayo magciwane evele.
  • "Des Ithebula" - a ukonga kakhulu futhi enza izinto ezihlukahlukene, iyatholakala njengoba amaphilisi kanye granules chlorine.
  • Magciwane "Nick" - has ungeze yokuhlanza umphumela futhi iphephile impilo yomuntu. Ingasetshenziselwa ezikhungweni, ukudla emphakathini.

Kuleso sibhedlela, ungakwazi kuphela ukusebenzisa izibulali-magciwane yezokwelapha, avunyelwe nguMnyango yenhlanzeko Ukuhlolwa.

zokukhipha igciwane izandla zakho

Kubalulekile uma ukuhlinzeka ukunakekelwa kwezokwelashwa ezandleni zazihlanzekile. Ngenxa yale njongo, yesimanje magciwane isandla zokuhlanza. Kungenzeka ngesimo:

  • Futha.
  • Napkins.
  • Soap.
  • Isixazululo.

Bangaphinde anesisekelo ezahlukene, okuyi isidingo:

  • Utshwala ezisekelwe.
  • Kususelwa acid organic.
  • Nge surfactant.
  • Ngesisekelo oxygen futhi acid.
  • With ukusetshenziswa halogens nokunye.

I engavamile le mithi wukuthi akufanele sakhiwa compounds chlorine-aqukethe. Kungase kube triclosan, chlorhexidine noma acidosis acid.

Ungayisebenzisi ketshezi utshwala equkethe, uma izandla umonakalo isikhumba. Boma esikhumbeni, kodwa kukhona ibingaba eyesikhashana ngempela. Kube antiseptics ukuthi awanalo utshwala. Ukuze uqambe izidakamizwa ezimbalwa ngoba impatho izandla, abaye won ukwethembana "Sterillium", "Eco Breeze", "Dettol", "Diamond isandla". Magciwane "Nick" - izoseptik, futhi ofanele magciwane zezandla.

Ukuze ukhethe izindlela ezidingekayo ngesisekelo isikhumba izici, kanye acabangele izimo lapho izosetshenziswa. Ngokwesibonelo, izifutho ingasetshenziswa kokubili ekhaya ekuphileni kwansuku zonke. Kuyadingeka ukuba acabangele indlela yokwakheka izimali. Gel futhi uketshezi kangcono ukusebenzisa ekhaya noma emsebenzini.

Ziyakwazi kahle moisturize isikhumba, nethonya okhathalelayo. I esikhwameni yilona thuluzi kungenziwa elachithwa ngabe iphakheji ethambile. usula magciwane kabanzi zokuphila kwansuku zonke, kanye abasubathi. Abangase bakwazi ukukuthwala, sebenzisa i-travel.

Nokho, kuwufanele ukukhumbula ukuthi ukusetshenziswa njalo kwamaphilisi zingaphazamisa esele Hydro-lipid kwesikhumba. Njengoba lezi zimali ngokuvamile hhayi kuphela ukubhubhisa amagciwane ayingozi futhi amagciwane, kodwa futhi microflora ewusizo, okuyilona elidingekayo ukuze silondoloze nesivikelo semvelo.

Indlela ukulungiselela isixazululo magciwane

Disinfectant izixazululo kungaba ngefomu siphelile, futhi ngesimo amaphilisi, izimpushana noma izixazululo kanzulu kakhulu. Lokhu kusho ukuthi kufanele ukupheka izindlela zabo. Ngakho-ke, ngaphambi magciwane kokwenza kumele wafunda yokusetshenziswa izibulali-magciwane.

Ilungiselela isixazululo magciwane, kuzomele ulandele imithetho embalwa:

  • Okokuqala izinto ezisetshenziswa magciwane kufanele yamukeleke ukusetshenziswa.
  • Ikamelo kufanele kube ehlukile, endaweni kahle umoya. Akunakwenzeka lapha ukugcina izimpahla zabo, ukudla, ukudla, intuthu.
  • Ngaphambi kokuba uqale ukulungiselela isixazululo, kudingeka uzijwayeze izidingo zokuphepha.
  • Kuyadingeka ukugqoka izingubo ezivikelayo izinto zokuzivikela. Amagilavu, uma imaski kudingekile, amagogolo.
  • Landela imiyalelo olulandelayo izidakamizwa.
  • Ukuze silungiselele kusengaphambili a esinelebuli esitsheni ezomile ngesivalo. Futhi, izinga lokushisa oyifunayo amanzi, a volumetric izitsha ezomile spatula.
  • Kala aphume isilinganiso esifanele amanzi, lemali edingekile of izibulali-magciwane bese uxhuma izingxenye. Ngokuphelele uhlanganise ikhambi okuholela, futhi uvale lid uvalwe.
  • On isitsha kumele ucacise isikhathi nosuku ukulungiselela yesixazululo. Kuleso sibhedlela noma inkampani ibonisa umuntu ophethe.
  • Uma isixazululo sikulungele ukusetshenziswa olulodwa, emva isicelo ke kuthululwe. Uma senzelwe ukusetshenziswa amaningi, emva isicelo ivaliwe futhi agcinwe, kulandela izimo. Ngo ukwakheka floc, kodaka noma ukubukeka uncharacteristic Umbala ejenti Akubalulekile esitolo.

Ngaphambi ukulungiselela isixazululo kanye disinfected, kufanele uqale ngokucophelela ukungcola ebusweni, bese uqale okwenza kube. isixazululo magciwane ngeke okudiliza zilokazane lande izingcezu udoti.

Ngemva Ukuvalwa magciwane izinto kumele kuzohanjiswa noma siyakazwe, amanzi ahlanzekile egijima kuze ukunyamalala ngokuphelele yephunga.

Ekulungiseleleni isixazululo magciwane akunakwenzeka:

  • Isixazululo omusha exutshwe elidala.
  • Sebenzisa amanzi angcolile.
  • Engeza isixazululo yokuwasha magciwane. Lokhu akuhlanganisi i-hydrogen peroxide.
  • Ingamukeleki ukuxuba izindlela ezimbili ezahlukene.
  • Ukuze lokhu isixazululo akunakwenzeka esitolo amathuluzi nezinto ukuhlanza.

Sanitizer ngaso sonke isikhathi

Akuwona wonke umuntu abakwaziyo ukuthenga izibulali-magciwane yesimanje, lapho akuzona ezishibhile. Nokho, ukuze afeze magciwane, ngaphandle kokusebenzisa imithi ezibizayo kungaba. Umuzi ngamunye has a soda ilondolo insipho. Futhi njengoba wazi, isixazululo insipho-soda yasetshenziselwa ngisho by ogogo bethu.

Ukupheka:

  • Laundry insipho (72%), ezintathu on a grater.
  • 2 amalitha amanzi kanye gqoka umlilo engeza insipho, isiyaluyalu kuze nokonakala ephelele.
  • Bese wengeza 5 wezipuni of soda umlotha.
  • Ngemva abilayo, kuzomele uvule phansi ukushisa imizuzu imizuzu engaba 10.
  • Shiya ngobusuku obubodwa kuphole kuze kube uqweqwe.

Leli thuluzi kungasetshenziswa nsuku zonke yokuhlanza kanye magciwane.

Soap futhi isixazululo soda zingenziwa kancane umqondo wokuzikhandla. Ukuze wenze lokhu, sebenzisa liquid xaxa. Ngakho, ukuze bathole isixazululo 1% ezidingekayo ukuthatha isixazululo bagxila lika 100 grams kanye alulaze ngayo 10 amalitha amanzi. Ngokuba iningi alulaze lokuhlushwa 5 amalitha amanzi. Nasi nokulungiselela elula. Isixazululo magciwane ibhalwe ngokushesha ngaphambi ukusetshenziswa.

I engavamile walesi isixazululo ukuthi ingasetshenziswa hhayi kuphela magciwane lezinto, kodwa futhi ngoba izinqubo yezimonyo. Futhi akuvumelekile ukusula ukudla ngekhava. Kodwa ngemva kwalokhu kubalulekile ukususa ukudla ngaphansi kwamanzi agelezayo.

Hazard amakilasi of izibulali-magciwane

Lapho ukusebenza izibulali-magciwane kuyadingeka ukuze kubhekelelwe liklasi labo ingozi.

  • Kusho ekilasini 1st anobuthi kakhulu. Ungayisebenzisi ezindaweni zezempilo. Isetshenziswa kuphela ezimweni ezimbi kakhulu, amasudi akhethekile igesi buso. It ayikwazi ukusetshenziswa endlini.
  • Kusho ekilasini 2nd. Kakhulu yingozi. Sebenzisa ngokungabi bikho kwabantu. Kulokhu, zisebenzise izembatho zokuzivikela. Ayikwazi lisetshenziswe izikhungo zezingane, iIgama izikhungo, izinhlangano ukunakekelwa kwezempilo. Ngemva ukusetshenziswa, ukupholisa yokuhlanza.
  • Kusho ekilasini lesithathu. Ngokulingene enobungozi. Ingasetshenziselwa ngaphandle ukuvikelwa, kodwa ngenxa yokuntuleka kwezinhlelo ezibanzi abantu. , Qiniseka ukuthi imibandela ukusetshenziswa kwezidakamizwa. Futhi kubalulekile ukulandela yokuhlanza kanye angabiki.
  • 4 ikilasi. ingozi okuphansi. Kungasetshenziswa ngaphandle kokuvinjelwa.

usizo lokuqala

Ukuhlanza magciwane ejenti njalo kufanele kusetshenziswe ngokuqapha okukhulu, njengoba nabo ulwelwesi lwamafinyila kanye isikhumba kungabangela ukusha. Inhalation izibulali-magciwane ubuthi kungenzeka. Kanjani ukunikeza usizo lokuqala kulesi simo?

  1. Uma kakhulu bagxila waqhubeka isikhumba olungavikelekile, udinga kule sayithi amanzi amaningi. Uma ashaya formaldehyde, kutuswa ukuba aphathe isikhumba nge 5% ammonia aqueous.
  2. Nge kungenzeka ubuthi ngazimbili, nge ukukhuthazwa yomoya ethintekile ezidingekayo umoya ohlanzekile. Khona-ke Hlambulula umlomo wakho futhi amavesi acinene ngamanzi. Uma ushevu ne-formaldehyde, kutuswa donsa Imibhangqwana ukwengeza amaconsi ambalwa ammonia. Izosiza ubisi olufudumele ne soda noma "Borjomi". Qhubeka ukuqapha avele izimpawu. Ungadinga ukusebenzisa ukukhwehlela, inhliziyo noma sedatives. Ezimweni ezimbi kakhulu zidinga esibhedlela ngokushesha.
  3. Uma izidakamizwa ingena emehlweni, kubalulekile-ke ukuba kugeze ngaphansi kwamanzi noma 2% sodium Bicarbonate egijima imizuzu eminingana. Ungase futhi iconsa "Albucidum" okudambisa ukucasuka. Lapho ubuhlungu ukuvuza "Novocaine" (1-2% isixazululo).
  4. Uma izidakamizwa ubekade pheshana emathunjini, esiswini lavage 2% sodium thiosulfate. Uma ushevu formaldehyde ukwenza ugeze nge ukwengeza amanzi ammonia noma 3% sodium acetate. Ngaphezu kwalokho, le mikhiqizo Kunconywa ubisi, amaqanda aluhlaza namanzi amaprotheni.

Ukuze usebenzise usizo lokuqala, ngaphambi msebenzi okumelwe imiyalelo usufunde ukusetshenziswa izibulali-magciwane, kanye nokuphepha kubalulekile ekulungiseleleni izixazululo kanye ukusetshenziswa kwazo.

arsenal Wanamuhla izibulali-magciwane omkhulu kangangokuthi emehlweni washintsha lapho ukhetha amabhodlela amahle izimbiza. Kodwa ngaso sonke isikhathi kufanele zilandela imiphumela ukutholwa. Ngezinye izikhathi ukusetshenziswa insipho ezingabizi Ungashintshanisa izindlela ezibizayo.

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